Napoleon Karikaturen

Napoleon Caricatures

Exceptional collection of Napoleon caricatures

Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) has shaped life on the European continent around 1800 like no other ruler. In his ambition to defeat England, the emperor engulfed Europe in a chain of almost uninterrupted wars. The catastrophic outcome of the campaign against Russia from 1812 onwards led to the shattering of his rule over much of Europe, the wars of liberation and, ultimately, the overthrow of the emperor. After a short period of exile to Elba, Napoleon returned to power in 1815 for a hundred days. He was finally defeated at the Battle of Waterloo and banished to the end of his life on the island of St. Helena. Already during his lifetime, Napoleon became a mythological figure. Hardly any person in world history has been caricatured more than the French emperor. Each of the countries he invaded brought out his own cartoons. The production of anti-Napoleonic cartoons took on international dimensions. Some motifs were published in several countries and some were even printed with multilingual captions.  In France, as well as in the countries occupied by Napoleon, cartoons on the emperor were threatened by the censorship and therefore were published anonymous. The cartoons were distributed like broadsides by street vendors and later were available in specialized stores. Caricatures provide a very interesting insight into the current events of the day. They are consumed by all social classes equally and can be considered therefore as true folk art.

The present cartoons are in most cases broadsides. They are all rare. Some of them are known only in the present copy. The collection consists of 109 sheets from 1798 to 1823, mainly from England, France and Germany. It contains caricatures by James Gillray, Isaac Cruikshank, Charles Williams, Piercy Roberts, Thomas Rowlandson and George Cruikshank. The collection represents a good overview of the European caricature against Napoleon.

P.O.A.

GILLRAY, James (after) - Nelson's Victory;-or-Good-news operating upon Loyal Feelings. (Weimar, Industrie-Comptoir, 1798)

GILLRAY, James (after Sir John Dalrymple) - Consequences of a Successfull French Invasion - No.I. Plate 1st. - "We come to recover your long lost Liberties". London, James Gillray, March 1st 1798. (watermarked 1799)

GILLRAY, James (after) - John Bull taking a luncheon:-or- British Cooks, cramming Old Grumble-Gizzard wih Bonne Chere. (Weimar, Industrie-Comptoir, 1799)

ANONYMOUS - Et tu jordanis quia conversus es retrorsum? / Les derniers monumens de la Republique. (Weimar, Industrie-Comptoir, 1799)

ANONYMOUS - Na Poleone Bonaparte Mummia. (Milano, Raccolta Bertarelli) n.d. (c.1799)

ANONYMOUS (after) - The rival accoucheurs or who shall deliver Europe. (Weimar, Industrie-Comptoir, 1800)

GILLRAY, James - Democracy;-or-a Sketch of the Life of Buonaparte. London, Humphrey, 12 May 1800.

ROBERTS, Pierce (publisher) - Negociation See Saw. London: Roberts, (c. 1801)

(WILLIAMS, Charles, after) - The child and Champion of Jacobinism, New Christened. (Weimar, Industrie-Comptoir, 1801)

(CRUIKSHANK, Isaac) (after) - John Bull at the sign, the case is altered. (Weimar, Industrie-Comptoir, 1801)

ROBERTS, Piercy (publisher) - Parceling out John Bull. London, Roberts, n.d. (c. 1802)

(WILLIAMS, Charles) after - A game at chess. (Weimar, Industrie Comptoir, c. 1802)

GILLRAY, James (after) - Political-dreamings! -visions of peace! -perspective horrors! (Weimar, Industrie-Comptoir, 1802)

GILLRAY, James (after) - Preliminaries of Peace! - or - John Bull,and his Little Friends "Marching to Paris". (Weimar, Industrie-Comptoir, 1802)

GILLRAY, James (after) - Introduction of Citizen Volpone & his Suite at Paris-Vide, The Moniteur & Cobbett's Letters. (Weimar, Industrie-Comptoir, 1802)

(WOODWARD, George Moutard) (after) - A jig round the statue of peace or all parties reconciled. (Weimar, Industrie-Comptoir, 1802)

(WILLIAMS, Charles) (after) - Long expected come at last or John Bull disapointed at his crippled visitor. (Weimar, Industrie-Comptoir, 1802)

GILLRAY, James - French Invasion _ or _ Buonaparte Landing in Great Britain. London, Hannah Humphrey, 10 June 1803.

(WOODWARD, George Moutard?) - An attempt to destroy the British fleet. London, Piercy Roberts, n.d. (c. 1803-1804).

(WOODWARD, George Moutard?) - Bonaparte and the Quaker. London, Piercy Roberts, n.d. (c. May 1803)

ROBERTS, Piercy (publisher) - Iohn Bull peeping into Brest. London, Roberts, n.d. (c. June 1803)

WOODTHORPE, (?) - The Apotheosis of Bonaparte. - The life, character, and dying behaviour of the unhappy malefactor Napoleon Bonaparte. London, John Badcock, 10 August 1803.

SMITH, Joshua - Playing at Bubbles. London, Piercy Roberts, n.d. (c.1803)

ROBERTS, Piercy (publisher) - John Bull arming. London, Roberts, n.d. (1803).

ROBERTS, Piercy (publisher) - Little !!ships!! or John Bull very inquisitive. London, Roberts, n.d. (1803).

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